A valós világban, market economies do not exist in pure form, as societies and governments regulate them to varying degrees rather than allow self-regulation by market forces. The term free-market economy is sometimes used synonymously with 시장 경제, but, as Ludwig Erhard once pointed out, this does not preclude ეკონომიკა from having socialist attributes opposed to a laissez-faire system.
malsamaj vidpunktoj exist as to how strong a role the government should have in both guiding the market economy and addressing the inequalities the market produces. For example, there is no universal agreement on issues such as central banking, and welfare.
The term рынкавая эканоміка is not identical to capitalism where a corporation hires workers as a labour commodity to produce material wealth and boost shareholder profits. Market mechanisms have been utilized in a handful of socialist states, such as China, Yugoslavia and even Cuba in einem sehr begrenzten Umfang.
It is also possible to envision 経済システム based on independent producers, cooperative, democratic worker ownership and tržište raspodjele of final goods and services; the labour-managed 市場経済 is one of several proposed forms of market socialism.
Вреди да се напомене за јасност на sake that the concept of a market does not logically presuppose the existence of Privateigentum an den Produktionsmitteln in the sense that private individuals or family households are the owners of land and capital and thus the recipients of profits, interest, rent etc. One may at least theoretically conceive of an economy of socialismo di mercato, in which workers' collectives, konsumentkooperativ, village communes or even autonomous state agencies leased from the state or held actual title to land, mines, factories, machinery and so forth -- so long as the socialist production organizations were free to buy and sell their output and and the use of their assigned land or capital assets to each other at freely negotiated prices responsive to conditions of supply and demand (assuming, of course, they are allowed to keep effective제어 of the bulk of the proceeds). There are, of course, both theoretical and practical problems with tržní socialismus, and the costs and benefits of capitalist markets cannot be uncritically attributed to such a system. The larger point is that socialist economies have historically included varying proportions of "remnant" 彼らのメイクアップの市場要素, and the theoretical possibilities for additional "hybrid" forms are numerous.
History Shows Scares Present Buying Opportunities
While market shocks like the Pearl Harbor, the September 11 attaques terroristes and the 2011 Japanese tsunami all triggered knee-jerk selloffs on Wall Street, a careful look at history mostra os eventos assustadores during bull runs proved être des occasions d'achat.
unerwartete events that occur within bull markets that throw markets for a loop are typically assessed for their economic impact en peu de temps, allowing opportunistic traders to step in and quickly push share pricesretour à l'équilibre et au-delà.